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The APSA discussion area is reserved for APSA members.

The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the Airborne Public Safety Association (APSA), its Board of Directors, staff or membership; nor shall their publication imply endorsement on the part of APSA of any content or claims made therein. APSA disclaims all warranties, express or implied, and makes no judgment regarding the accuracy of posted information. In no event will APSA be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, special or consequential damages resulting from the publication or any subsequent public distribution thereof...

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The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the Airborne Public Safety Association (APSA), its Board of Directors, staff or membership; nor shall their publication imply endorsement on the part of APSA of any content or claims made therein. APSA disclaims all warranties, express or implied, and makes no judgment regarding the accuracy of posted information. In no event will APSA be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, special or consequential damages resulting from the publication or any subsequent public distribution thereof.


Articles denoted by ** are available to 
APSA Members only.

U.S. Government Pays For Law Enforcement Jet Fuel**

Finding Federal Grant Dollar$$$

Procurement Safety Considerations

Changes Expected For Federal 
1122 & 1033 Purchasing Programs

Finding Federal Grant Dollar$$$

The Office of Federal Financial Management recently issued a policy directive requiring that all federal agencies post grant opportunities online as of November 7, 2005. allows organizations to electronically search and apply for competitive grant opportunities. This website,, is the single access point for over 1,000 grant programs offered by the 26 federal grant-making agencies, and it is intended to simplify the grant process. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is proud to be the managing partner for, an initiative that will have an unparalleled impact on the grant community. enables grant-making agencies and the grant community to come together to make grants management easier and more efficient for everyone. State, local and tribal governments, colleges and universities, research institutions, non-profits and other organizations will now have the ability to find $400 billion in annual grants from over 1000 different grant programs at one online location.

The search capabilities that are built into the site make finding grants faster and researching grants more efficient. By subscribing to the email update service, when new grants matching your specified interests are posted, email notifications are sent to the subscriber, including the title, the agency name and a link which can take them right to the grant. These features make keeping on top of newly available grants of interest to grant applicant organizations a matter of minutes a day.
According to the township of Lexington, SC, "We've become aware of funding opportunities that might have been missed or we didn't know to think of, helping us expand rapidly to meet the growing need for services. We cannot thank enough and emphasize how valuable it has been to us as end-users!"

The application process eliminates the need to learn and comply with multiple agency-specific system requirements. One registration is all that is needed to apply to all federal grant opportunities. Additionally, electronic applications that can be downloaded to any computer, online user support tools and personalized assistance from a dedicated Customer Support team, all come together, making it easier to apply for grants.

You can find out more about by visiting the website at

Other Grant Resources
The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) is a regularly updated publication that gives you access to information about federally funded or sponsored programs, benefits, grants and business opportunities. This is a good resource to learn more about programs you are interested in, including projected grant funding in the next fiscal year. Access the CFDA at

At, federal funding opportunities for the International Trade Administration (ITA), National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), and Minority Business Development Agency (MBDA). These are just the notices themselves, which give summaries, for potential recipients, of each program. The applicant, in turn, can go to the site to discover what federal grant opportunities are currently available.

It is a good idea to periodically visit the websites of individual federal agencies for up-to-date grant announcements, guidelines, solicitations and instructions for submitting a proposal and contact information. Here are a few relative to law enforcement:

Department of Commerce 

Department of Homeland Security 

Department of Justice 

Department of Labor 

Department of the Treasury 

Department of Transportation 

FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) 

HRSA (Health Resources & Services Administration) 

USA Freedom Corp 

Procurement Safety Considerations

By Jay Fuller
APSA Safety Staff

Some of you may be using 2006 Buyer’s Guide issue of Air Beat as an opportunity to plan for future improvements to your fleet or operation. And, many of you will be creating wish lists of items you need or would someday like to have for your aviation agency.

Technology is good, very good. In aviation, we perform missions that are impossible for our surface-based counterparts and have become a great force multiplier in the process. Progress in technology will generally net a greater gain for aviation than other facets of law enforcement. Law enforcement aviation today, more so than commercial or even military aviation, is at the forefront of technological advance. Therefore, it becomes the responsibility of law enforcement aviation unit management to stay on top of new offerings so as to improve the safety, capability and effectiveness of his or her organization. Whether we’re talking major retrofits or just a few add-ons, we always have something to gain, but the evaluation and selection process must consider safety from the outset.

First, technological fleet enhancements should primarily be used to improve the safety of existing missions. As tempting as it may be, upgrades should not be immediately used to implement new missions or to expand existing missions. NVGs, GPS based moving map displays, improved and more capable communication systems, etc. should initially be used to enhance the situational awareness of crews and decrease cockpit workload on existing missions (tactical missions typically place very high demands on crew skills and attention).

Next, when aircraft enhancements are added, a formal training program should be introduced to ensure personnel familiarity (either aircrew or maintenance). Obviously, the length and sophistication of these programs need only be proportional to the degree of change in crew workload over the previous installation.

If added equipment makes new missions or expansion of existing missions possible, these roles should be approached in a careful and studied manner. No mission should be undertaken if it engenders unnecessary risk. Any expanded role should be thoroughly thought out and practiced. And, a training program should be developed to ensure crew familiarity with all aspects of the task.
Last but not least, since safety is to be the prime beneficiary of technology improvements in our units, we don’t need to focus our acquisition thoughts solely on aircraft equipment. By this I mean that crew gear should to be considered as well. Any law enforcement aircraft crew operating on tactical missions today without Nomex flight suits (including gloves, flight helmets and boots) is not properly equipped.

Units operating routinely over water, or simply having missions over water, should have personal flotation gear as part of the basic uniform issue. If missions require flight into remote, austere, inhospitable terrain, appropriate aircraft survival kits should be on board and sufficient for all personnel in the aircraft. Even special crew seating using layered foam, sheepskin, etc. can be crucial for safety when aircraft are involved in long duration surveys or surveillance missions. Aviation unit managers absolutely need to review these types of unit enhancements when considering procurement./p>

This issue of Air Beat is different than others, but informative and fascinating in its own right. Enjoy the rest of your reading, come up with some procurement items and keep safety ever present in your selection process.

Changes Expected For Federal 
1122 & 1033 Purchasing Programs

By William E. LeGro, Ultimate Enterprises, Inc.

In several past editions of this Buyer’s Guide, we have offered reports on two Defense Department property programs of interest to law enforcement agencies. These are the excess property program, which we refer to as "1033" or the "LESO Program," and the law enforcement equipment purchasing program, or "1122." There are current and projected developments in both of these programs that police and sheriffs’ departments that use excess Defense property, or purchase new equipment and parts through the 1122 Program, should be aware of.

First, the landscape is changing in the excess program. The Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, that operates the 65 or so Defense Reutilization and Marketing Offices (DRMOs) around the country, has announced the projected closing of all but 16 DRMOs in the continental United States. The shut-downs will occur over several months, beginning in early 2006, but when complete will mean that law enforcement agencies that screen and pick up equipment at DRMOs will travel greater distances to do so.

As the acquisition of good defense excess property becomes more difficult, and perhaps less cost-effective, local governments and law enforcement agencies should explore the possibilities offered by their State Agencies for Surplus Property. These agencies (see for the address of your state’s agency) acquire surplus federal property for donation to state and local agencies, and in most cases, do the screening and pick-up. They charge a nominal fee for their service in order to fund their cost of operation.

Some will remember what is was like at the DRMOs several years ago â€" before the 42-day screening period was compressed into 21 â€" when law enforcement and the U.S. Forest Service competed for excess equipment, especially for vehicles. The change, called XcessXpress, impelled the shift of law enforcement screening to the defense internal screening period, placing it in position to screen before the Forest Service. This did not sit well with the Forest Service, which succeeded in influencing the passage of a law that permits the Forest Service again to screen alongside law enforcement agencies during the defense internal screening period.

Of special interest to law enforcement agencies contemplating equipping flight detachments with excess defense helicopters, the U.S. Army is again transferring significant numbers of OH-58s in the 1033 Program. Current plans are for the OH-58s to remain in the Army inventory through 2009, and perhaps for two or more years beyond that. This means that parts for these birds will continue to be purchased by the Army, and will therefore be available for purchase through the 1122 Program by law enforcement for a few more years.

Some operators of excess defense aircraft (rotary and fixed wing) are already aware of major changes in the rules regarding the disposal of these aircraft. In April 2005, the Defense Logistics Agency decreed that agencies that received excess aircraft and parts under the 1208 Program (the precursor of 1033) must follow disposal procedures published by DLA, and receive DLA approval before selling or trading any aircraft. Later, DLA announced that agencies are prohibited from selling or trading any aircraft received under the 1033 Program. These rules nullify the terms of the Memorandum of Agreement between the States and DLA which provide that after five-years’ of use, the owning agency may dispose of excess aircraft in accordance with state and local laws and regulations.

The law enforcement equipment 1122 purchasing program is growing in terms of equipment being purchased and dollars spent, if not in terms of states who are participating. Missouri recently joined, but a few states have effectively dropped out. Nevertheless, new management at the federal level (the Office of the Army G-4) has breathed new life into the program and succeeded in rectifying a situation that threatened to make it impossible for agencies to purchase from some DLA and Army sources. This was a technical matter involving the state DODAACs. It required perseverance and interagency cooperation to correct.

Flight units operating OH-58 helicopters have recently experienced long delays in delivery of parts purchased through the Army, and in some cases, refusals to accept purchase orders. We expect this situation to improve as the Army resumes purchasing for its requirements, responding to the extended life of this helicopter. Army purchases had been suspended in anticipation of the phase-out of the OH-58. Responding to a suggestion from the Army G-4, the Army has agreed to try to include anticipated law enforcement aviation parts requirements in its parts orders. APSA is cooperating in an effort to provide the necessary data.

The 1122 Program remains an attractive source of supply for many kinds of law enforcement equipment. Other than the availability of OH-58 parts at Army prices, of greatest importance to aviation is the DLA fuel card that enables refueling at Defense contract facilities. Many aviation units also save by purchasing flight suits, helmets, night vision goggles and ground support equipment through the 1122 Program. It is possible that within a few months purchasing opportunities for law enforcement, as well as other first-responders, will be enlarged as two new Federal programs come online. We will keep you informed and may be able to publish information regarding these programs in Air Beat magazine soon.

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